Training During Hot, Cold, And Wet Conditions

Do you carry a firearm 365 days a year? Do you live in a region of the country that has varying weather conditions? Do you carry a different firearm in the winter vs summer months? Do you have a different carry method in the winter vs summer months i.e. inside waistband vs outside waistband? Do you wear different clothing in the winter months vs the summer months?

If you answered yes to any of those questions, you should consider reading this article.  

I left my home of Cleveland, Ohio about 20 years ago for the Marine Corps. I ultimately ended up in San Diego, California. The climates of Cleveland and San Diego probably couldn't be more opposite.

San Diego has arguably the most ideal weather conditions of anywhere in the country, while Cleveland … well, not so much. Now I am back in Ohio and teaching firearms classes to people who have to consider sub-zero temperatures and snow for several months out of the year as well as rising, blistering temps in the summer.

While discussing concealed carry with people in climates like Ohio, I realized that some people choose to carry different firearms, based on the season.

Some also change the way they carry, inside the waistband vs outside the waistband based on the clothing they wear during the season they're in. So I think it is important to mention some important considerations for those of you that are not lucky enough to live in a climate that is nearly perfect 365 days a year.

Train Under Realistic Conditions:

I think it is safe to say, that we all understand the importance of training under conditions that most closely replicate real life. We don't have the luxury of choosing the time, place, and weather conditions of the moment we have to use our firearm to save precious life.

So this training should include weather conditions and clothing differences based on the temperature.

Some would rather not go to the range and shoot with extremely hot or cold temperatures, while it rains, or while there is snow on the ground. I highly encourage those of you who have the chance, to go out and specifically train during these times. I believe it is very important to understand and experience the limitations, differences, and effects various weather conditions have on your ability to use your firearm.

Rain and snow:

While it rains or snows, it is obvious that your firearm and hands will become wet if exposed for any period of time. Can you safely grip and manipulate your firearm under these conditions? Products that assist in gripping the firearm and slide in adverse conditions may be beneficial.

There are some grips that are more suited for wet conditions than others, and products applied to the slide that can assist in gripping the slide even when wet. Run some dry fire drills with wet hands and gun grips, and see how you do.

And it's also valuable if you ever get the chance to shoot live fire drills, safely, during precipitation like rain or snow.


If you wear gloves during cold weather, are they gloves that you can safely grip and draw your firearm while wearing? Are the gloves so thick that you cannot even get your finger through the trigger guard? These are considerations you MUST think about.

While working as a police officer in San Diego, there were nights that got pretty cold. Believe it or not, it was cold enough that gloves were definitely appropriate. I tried to avoid wearing gloves at all costs, but occasionally I did break down and put a pair on.

The gloves I wore were specifically designed for shooting, had grip and were not only thin but form fitting. The thinness obviously sacrificed the warming ability, but it was a trade-off I was willing to accept.

I made sure to practice shooting with these gloves so I could ensure I could manipulate everything on the gun (draw, mag release, slide stop etc.) as well as get used to the subtle ways the trigger feels different while wearing gloves. To this day, when there is snow I try not to wear any gloves, and if I do, I stick to these more ‘tactical' gloves because I want to be able to handle my firearm safely.


Many people are just as against training/shooting in the heat as they are the cold. In fact, I think it's split pretty much down the middle. Our editor, Josh, for example would much rather train outside in 20 degree weather as opposed to 90 degree weather.

I asked him, though, and he still does train in the hot, humid NC summer because he understands that if he finds himself outside during an attack in the summer, he has to be able to defend himself.


If it's -5° outside you probably aren't wearing a T-Shirt and shorts. You're more than likely to be wearing a sweater and jacket on top. Have you practiced drawing your firearm while wearing your heavy winter coat? Or while wearing a thick hoodie sweater underneath that jacket?

If not, you need to.

And as of this publish date, we're getting ready to transition back into the hotter months and you need to make sure you're practicing your draw from your new clothing type to ensure proficiency.

Whatever type of clothing you are wearing over top of your firearm will affect how you get to your firearm and the amount of time it takes to draw.

As a safety note, try to avoid jackets with the little “barrel” cord lock. These have been known to get into the trigger guard while drawing or re-holstering and can cause a dangerous situation.

Carrying location/method:

Some people I talk to take advantage of the cold months and the fact that they are typically wearing bulky sweaters and jackets to carry a larger firearm or carry outside the waistband instead of inside the waistband. I don't necessarily think this is a bad thing as long as you practice your draw with the new holster and firearm just as much as with the firearm/holster set up you carry in the summer months.

Just because carrying outside the waistband would seem to make it easier and quicker to get to your gun, if you haven't practiced drawing from that location or with that gun for some time, you will no doubt be slower and less efficient. This is even truer if you're wearing bigger, bulkier clothing that may be harder to clear.

No matter where you carry, practicing your draw will only help you if you ever need to use your gun in self-defense.

Change of firearm:

This is similar to changing the location or method of carrying based on the weather. But there are a couple pros and cons to consider. Changing your firearm can change the manual of arms that your brain needs to reference during a stressful incident.

I would try and stay within the same type of firearm if you are switching between summer and winter firearms. What I mean is I would recommend that both your firearms are mechanically similar.

Manual external safeties are an obvious consideration. Carrying one firearm in the summer that has a manual external safety and one in the winter that does not, is something that even with much training is going to slow your overall effectiveness down.

If you carry a single action 1911 style firearm that has an external manual safety or any firearm with a manual external safety for that matter, remember your fingers can become numb when they are very cold, even with gloves. Trying to manipulate safeties, mag releases, and triggers with numb hands is very difficult.

If you carry a striker fired handgun with a light trigger, and, after practicing in the cold are worried you don't have the feel you want on the trigger because of gloves and decreased feeling in your fingers, maybe you could consider going to a double action only or traditional double action trigger in the winter to combat these effects.

Just remember, like anything else train with your new gear until it becomes as natural as the firearm you carry during other times.


I hope the hot, cold, or wet weather does not scare you away from training with your firearm or have you running for the nearest indoor range. Take the opportunity to get out a few times under the not so ideal weather conditions and practice. I have had some of the best times shooting when it has been snowing, raining, or hot … heck I am pretty sure you will have the range to yourself as well.

When practicing with gloves, or your jacket etc., for the first time, I highly recommend dry firing and practicing with an unloaded firearm until you feel comfortable. Then head out to the range and begin slowly before going live. Be safe and prepare to survive and win the fight under any condition.

Here are a few resources:

Train how you are.

Are you training enough?

Your clothing adjustments are giving you away.

Carry and exercise.

Winter is coming, break out the big guns … or not.

About Matthew Maruster

I follow my Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ who is the eternal co-equal Son of God. I currently live in Columbus, Ohio with my wife and daughter. I served in the Marine Corps Infantry. I was a Staff Sergeant and served as a Platoon Sergeant during combat in Iraq. After I was a police officer at a municipal agency in San Diego County. I have a Bachelors's Degree in Criminal Justice from National University. MJ Maruster Defense.


  1. Vic Eizenga on October 30, 2016 at 12:06 pm

    you say you served in combat as an infantry Staff Sergeant in the Marine Corps, What was your MOS before you were a SSGT. 0311, 0331, 0351? The reason I ask not every MOS carried pistols. I was an 0351 in Vietnam at times I carried an M14 and others M20 and 1911A1. USMC 1964 – 1968.
    Semper FI.

    • Matthew Maruster on November 1, 2016 at 2:08 pm

      Hi Vic, Semper Fi. I was an 0311, but also was an 8152 (security forces) in Bahrain from 1999-2000. I was issued the Beretta M9 as part of security forces school. When I hit the fleet with 2/1 G Co. I was an 0311. In Iraq, all Plt Sgts were issued an M-16 as their primary weapon and an M9 as their secondary weapon. Thanks for reading the articles and stay safe out there! Happy early Birthday Leatherneck!

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