Constitutional “Permitless” Carry

Please note these important considerations:

  1. Constitutional Carry is NOT the same as permit reciprocity. States who have constitutional carry or permitless carry laws, place restrictions on those who carry under those laws. Put differently, having a valid and recognized permit means having fewer restrictions than carrying under constitutional carry provisions.
  2. Some states may only offer a constitutional carry provision for residents. Hover over the map below for relevant details on a state-by-state basis.

Summary for Constitutional Carry

Alabama:   Yes, effective Jan 1st, 2023
Alaska:   Yes. No permit is required to open carry or concealed carry for both residents and non residents. Open carry is 18+ and concealed carry is 21+.
Arizona:   Yes. This extends to both Arizona residents and non residents with no permit required to open carry at 18 and none required to concealed carry 21 and up.
Arkansas:   Yes. After some confusion surrounding Act 746 passed in 2013, the AR Court of Appeals decision on Oct 17th 2018 clarifies that "the mere carrying of a handgun is not a crime by itself absent a purpose to attempt to unlawfully employ the handgun..." Thus unlicensed open and concealed carry is legal.
California:   No
Colorado:   No
Connecticut:   No
Delaware:   No
District of Columbia:   No
Florida:   Yes, Effective July 1st, 2023
Georgia:   Yes.
Hawaii:   No
Idaho:   Yes, for anyone 18+ who can legally possess a firearm.
Illinois:   No
Indiana:   Yes, effective July 1st, 2022
Iowa:   Yes
Kansas:   Yes. Both residents and non-resident may carry without a permit.
Kentucky:   Yes. Residents and non-residents 21 or older may carry concealed without a permit.
Louisiana:   Yes, effective July 4th, 2024
Maine:   Yes. Both residents and non-residents 21+ may carry concealed without a permit.
Maryland:   No
Massachusetts:   No
Michigan:   No
Minnesota:   No
Mississippi:   Yes, but with exceptions. A license is not required for a loaded or unloaded pistol or revolver to be carried upon the person in a sheath, belt holster, or shoulder holster or in a purse, handbag, satchel, other similar bag or briefcase or fully enclosed case if the person is not engaged in criminal activity other than a misdemeanor traffic offense, is not otherwise prohibited from possessing a pistol or revolver under state or federal law, and is not in a prohibited location.
Missouri:   SB 656 allows for permitless concealed carry for anyone 18 years or older who may lawfully own a gun both residents and non-residents.
Montana:   Yes
Nebraska:   No
Nevada:   No
New Hampshire:   No permit is required for open carry or concealed carry and applies to both residents and non residents 18+.
New Jersey:   No
New Mexico:   No
New York:   No
North Carolina:   No
North Dakota:   Yes. Effective Aug 1, 2023 this applies to both residents and non-residents.
Ohio:   Yes, effective June 12th, 2022.
Oklahoma:   Yes, to be effective Nov 1 2019 law allows residents and non residents 21+, or 18+ and in the military, to openly or concealed carry without a permit
Oregon:   No
Pennsylvania:   No
Rhode Island:   No
South Carolina:   Yes
South Dakota:   Yes, no permit required to open carry or concealed carry for residents and non-residents 18+.
Tennessee:   Yes
Texas:   Yes, starting Sept 1, 2021
Utah:   Yes
Vermont:   Yes. The first state to offer carry without a permit simply because they have never had a permit program or required such a thing to carry. Both residents and non-residents 18+ may carry.
Virginia:   No
Washington:   No
West Virginia:   Yes. No permit is needed to open carry for residents and non residents 18+ and for concealed carry for residents and non residents 21+.
Wisconsin:   No
Wyoming:   Yes
While Concealed Carry Inc strives to maintain legal reference information updated on this website; you as the reader and gun owner are responsible to do any and all necessary research and consult with a local attorney before making any decisions. Concealed Carry Inc is not liable for any misinformation, inaccuracies, or actions taken based on this information. We are not attorneys and this information is not legal advice. If you see any information you feel is outdated or incorrect please contact us.

Legal Summaries for all 50 states are available free on our site and mobile app.