Montana Gun Laws
Open Carry: Unrestricted in most public areas Duty to Notify Law Enforcement: Only when asked by the officer State Parks: Recognized permittees may carry concealed handguns Restaurants Serving Alcohol: Concealed Carry Prohibited Firearms at Colleges: Schools individually decide the weapons policy. Firearms at K-12 Schools: Montana permittee with loaded handgun in vehicle only is lawful but localities have power to regulate this further. Magazine Capacity Limitations: No restrictions Suppressor Ownership: Lawful Vehicle Possession by Non-Permitees: Loaded firearms may be carried in plain view, console box, glove compartment or gun case. Firearms may NOT be concealed on one's person Firearm Law Uniformity: Mostly uniform throughout state but some local regulation of public areas is possible Permit Training Requirements: You must have completed any one of the following: Montana Hunter Ed Course, State Approved Course, Any course from a National Firearms Group, or possess a DD214 Permit Issuing Authority: Local county sheriff May/Shall Issue: Shall Issue State Website: link Length of Permit Validity: 4 Years Permit Application Process: Apply in person at county sheriff office. Non-Resident Permits: Not available Places Off Limits: portions of a building used for state or local government offices and related areas in the building that
have been restricted;
a bank, credit union, savings and loan institution, or similar institution during the institution's normal
business hours. It is not an offense under this section to carry a concealed weapon while:
(i) using an institution's drive-up window, automatic teller machine, or unstaffed night depository; or
(ii) at or near a branch office of an institution in a mall, grocery store, or other place unless the person is
inside the enclosure used for the institution's financial services or is using the institution's financial
a room in which alcoholic beverages are sold, dispensed, and consumed under a license issued under
Title 16 for the sale of alcoholic beverages for consumption on the premises.
Except as authorized by the management of a railroad, it is unlawful for a person not authorized to carry a
weapon in the course of his official duties to knowingly or purposely carry or transport firearms on a train in
this state unless, prior to boarding, the person has delivered all firearms and ammunition, if any, to the
operator of the train.
A person commits the offense of possession of a weapon in a school building if the person purposely and
knowingly possesses, carries, or stores a weapon in a school building.
A parent or guardian of a minor commits the offense of allowing possession of a weapon in a school
building if the parent or guardian purposely and knowingly permits the minor to possess, carry, or store a
weapon in a school building.
Except as provided in subsection (2), a county, city, town, consolidated local government, or other local
government unit may not prohibit, register, tax, license, or regulate the purchase, sale or other transfer
(including delay in purchase, sale, or other transfer), ownership, possession, transportation, use, or
unconcealed carrying of any weapon, including a rifle, shotgun, handgun, or concealed handgun.
A county, city, town, consolidated local government, or other local government unit has power to
prevent and suppress the carrying of concealed or unconcealed weapons to a public assembly, publicly
owned building, park under its jurisdiction, or school, and the possession of firearms by convicted felons,
adjudicated mental incompetents, illegal aliens, and minors.
Resident Permit Reciprocity:
While Concealed Carry Inc strives to maintain legal reference information updated on this website; you as the reader and gun owner are responsible to do any and all necessary research and consult with a local attorney before making any decisions. Concealed Carry Inc is not liable for any misinformation, inaccuracies, or actions taken based on this information. We are not attorneys and this information is not legal advice. If you see any information you feel is outdated or incorrect please contact us.
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