How To Train If You Don’t Carry With A Round In The Chamber

round in chamber

One of my EDC setups, a Sig 938 in a Sticky Holster. This gun had an empty mag and chamber when I took this photo.

Please note that all of us at, to my knowledge, carry a gun with a round in the chamber. Furthermore, we always recommend that if you're comfortable carrying a loaded gun, that this is how you should carry. However, some folks aren't comfortable enough to carry a loaded gun, so this article is for them to ensure they can be as effective at self-defense as possible.

We feel strongly that it's better to carry a gun than not, so with this in mind, let's get started.

For the purposes of this article, a loaded gun is one with a magazine inserted into the well, with a round in the chamber. I carry a loaded gun with a round in the chamber (or I carry a fully loaded cylinder if I'm carrying a revolver) everywhere, to include my house which is where I am right now typing this up for you to read. Yes, I carry a gun even in my house.

My main purpose for this article isn't to necessarily convince you that you should carry with a round at the ready, but to inform you of this: You should practice your chosen method of carry as if your life depended on it.

Because it does.

However you carry your gun, whether loaded or not, you must practice your drawstroke, getting on target, and pressing your trigger. Having the ability to actually put shots on target from the draw is of the utmost importance and something we can tell people don't practice enough.

My dedicated travel gun.

Make no mistake, if you don't have a round in the pipe, then pulling the slide back to chamber a round is a part of your drawstroke (not to mention an extra step). After all, you cannot defend yourself with your gun without a round at the ready unless you plan to throw it at your attacker, or pistol whip them with it. Those two things, by the way, are two things we do not recommend you do (though, there are instances where hitting someone with a gun is warranted in self-defense, but that can be a topic for another day).

Having to pull the slide back to send a round home is another step during an already intense scenario where I might not be in a proper state of mind. This extra step must be practiced, and in more than one way. What I mean, is that you should also practice one-handed slide racking in case you're defending yourself, physically, or your weak hand is otherwise incapacitated and unable to rack the slide.

One of the reasons for all this practicing is to build up muscle memory. I recently asked Riley for his thoughts on muscle memory, and this is what he said:

Muscle memory is actually brain pathways that have been trained to work more efficiently, faster, so that the thought processes that occur through them happen so quickly they’re almost automatic and more on a subconscious level.

Check out this Podcast episode where muscle memory is discussed in depth:

While I've never been involved in a self-defense incident where I needed my firearm for self-defense, I've spoken at length to a few who have and they've assured me that the fog of war we hear about is a real thing. During a critical incident when the fog has taken over, finger dexterity is limited, the body starts to enter fight or flight mode with tunnel vision, and the body limits your precious oxygen only to where it's needed most.

In other words, we need everything we can stack on our sides to come out on top.

This is why I, personally, practice my drawstroke on a daily basis. Though, admittedly, I didn't always, and I understand that was a mistake.

My favorite carry gun in my collection, currently. FNS9-C

You have to train how you'll fight and fight how you train. If all you do at the range is stand there at the bench, pick up your gun, lock the slide, insert the magazine, and press the slide stop to send the slide forward, then get on target to shoot, you're not training yourself right. I've never been to the range with you and I know for a fact that you would never shoot like that if you had to defend yourself.

What would it look like, then?

You would draw your gun, pull back and release your slide, and then get on target in as fluid of a motion as possible. It's not practical to lock the slide back and then send it forward in two different motions. You'd just pull it back and release with your fingers.

But, if that's not how you're training, you're potentially hurting yourself because you're training your body differently than how you'd fight.

I carry a loaded gun because I don't want to have to do anything extra to stop a threat. But, I understand that some folks are not comfortable with this. If this is you, you must practice properly. If your range allows you to draw and shoot, then do it. You have to practice the entire thing often to be proficient with it.

Draw your firearm, pull back and release the slide, get on target, place your shots. Practice, practice, practice.

One thing that I see, and have personally done, is to go for speed right away. It seems logical to one that you need to draw and get on target as quickly as possible. But, speed is something that comes with practice. It's something that you get better at the more you do it.

In other words, you can't expect to be Rob Leatham in your first week.

But, if you practice daily with a dry gun (no ammo or with dummy rounds) in your house, you'll increase your ability and speed in no time.

At the bare minimum, you'll at least be more prepared should the time come when you need to defend yourself or family from an attacker. What do you think? Do you carry with a round in the chamber? Let us know why or why not in the comments below, and please remember that our main focus is education.

About Joshua Gillem

Josh is a lifelong practitioner and student of the gun. He grew up shooting/hunting with his dad, and was given his first gun, a 12 gauge shotgun, when just a small boy. After high school, he joined the Marines where his love for firearms blossomed as he qualified with an M16A2, an M9, and a 240G. Josh has been writing about firearms and tactics for several years, owns the blog Gunners Den, is a staunch supporter of the Second Amendment, and believes that each individual person has the right to self-defense by any means necessary. Currently residing in gun-friendly NC, he carries a concealed gun on a daily basis, even in his own house.


  1. Rob Palo on July 14, 2018 at 5:35 pm

    Simply put, a pistol without a round in the chamber is a great way to get yourself killed. If you’re not comfortable with a round in the chamber, TRAIN and PRACTICE until you are. We at Spartan Arms and Consulting teach our students that their top priority is “get into the fight faster and stay in the fight longer”. You simply CANNOT do that with an empty chamber.

  2. Ron Attanasio on July 16, 2018 at 9:46 am

    Ditto to what Rob Palo stated. During a critical incident when there is a threat of grave and bodily harm, fractions of a second and seconds count…against your favor if you do not carry with a round in the chamber!!! Folks should not be taught or even implied that carrying as such is okay and here is how to have a work around the issue. Why set them up for the last thing that they will be doing here on earth?

    • Joshua Gillem on July 16, 2018 at 6:33 pm


      It is always our goal to teach someone to carry their gun with a round in the chamber. We believe that is the absolute best option and always advise gun carriers to carry a loaded firearm. While we always advise certain things, we understand that some people will never feel comfortable no matter what because that’s how they’re wired.

      These are people who are not going to change their mind no matter what you or I say. To write these gun owners off without giving them some sort of advice they can benefit from is not a good idea for (hopefully) many obvious reasons.

      We agree with you. We really do. But understand that some people who are seriously concerned about carrying a gun with a round in the chamber are not going to do it regardless of what anyone says to the contrary. Those people are out there, and this article was meant for them.

      I also advise people not to carry off body for the same reasons, “seconds matter.” And yet, people still carry off body all the time. People will always carry how they feel comfortable. I think it’s better that they do carry a gun, than not, and train how they carry. If they train how they carry, they stand a better chance than most.

      Thanks for the comment.


  3. James on July 17, 2018 at 10:11 am

    Carry a loaded gun or a paper weight… Your choice.

  4. David on July 27, 2018 at 1:11 am

    When I clicked on this article (before reading), I commented to my wife that there would be multiple self righteous Dbags posting in the comment section that anyone using `Isreali` or `Condition 3` carry is stupid. The same type of individuals who mock anyone that carries any caliber below 45 or believes anyone that doesn`t carry a Glock is a fool. The article is well titled. IF YOU WOULD NEVER, EVER CARRY WITHOUT A ROUND IN THE CHAMBER, DO NOT READ THE ARTICLE. This article was not written for you.

    I have carried both ways over the years. When I chose to carry without a round in the chamber, I had very well thought out reasons for that decision. No round in the chamber definately increases the time it would take you to get into action, which obviously decreases your chances of being successful in a gun use situation. However, these issues are not the top priority for everyone.

    For many individuals, the additional safety of `Israeli Carry` overrides the added risk & time of chambering a round. This basically eliminates the chances of negligent discharge & greatly reduces chances of very young children firing the gun. Even when you train your children about firearm safety, the possibility of them disobeying or forgetting still exists. Even when the owner religiously stores his gun safely, the possibility exists of forgetting or being distracted & failing to safely store the gun. For some individuals, they would rather risk dying in a gun situation than ever take the smallest chance of their child or loved one dying from accidental or negligent discharge.

    There is hardly a month goes by without a story of a policeman or government agent having a negligent discharge. The story of the FBI agent in the night club comes to mind quickly. Most law enforcement officers have significantly more training & experience than the average civilian who carries a firearm.

    I highly doubt any of the above `internet warriors` who posted their self righteous, better than thou comments are God. Therefore, YOU DO NOT GET TO DECIDE THE ORDER OF OTHER PEOPLES PRIORITIES. I have a great idea: As all knowing, self righteous, givers of truth, why don`t you start your own blog, website or magazine. Then gun nation can race to sit at your feet & listen (or read) the never ending wisdom that spews from your large mouths & narrow minds.

  5. Craig Hunter on May 11, 2021 at 6:07 pm

    I think, but this article made me re-think it a bit… folks who won’t carry Barney Fife are just not comfortable with their Gun Safety. That’s the ONLY thing it could be. And I get that.
    And then maybe they should NOT carry with one chambered, OR AT ALL FOR THAT MATTER (I don’t mean to be judgmental, but let’s assess the Shooter and see what it is about their ability that causes them to go unchambered in DailyCarry… ‘bet it’s fear).

    It’s kinda like the 1st time I used a chain saw… I didn’t use it well, efficiently OR CORRECTLY. I also didn’t sever any arteries either though!!! Now, having used a Chain Saw quite a bit, I am much more comfortable to start that sucka up and USE IT!!! But I had to learn… about the Chain Saw, the intention of it, the Trees reaction to it… and me. Didn’t know Chain Saws and I was reluctant to start it up even.

    Now? I’ll cut a Tree down blind-fol… oh wait, that’s just stupid.

    Excellent Tack to teach what they want taught… all you gotta do is explain the (increased) Risks that accompany their ill-informed decisions. At first I didn’t want to go Barney Fife and now I couldn’t imagine not ALWAYS BEING CHAMBERED UP!!!

  6. Billygoat on September 30, 2022 at 11:28 pm

    Great information.. I have conceal carried for years, and have been hesitant about carrying a round in the chamber.. this article was a real heads-up, butt kicker for me.. if I’m going to be carrying a loaded weapon, I need to become totally proficient and knowledgeable about my weapon and how it works! I’ve never felt comfortable carrying my XD because I really never investigated how the safety mechanism works.. stupid me
    With a bit more practice, I’ll get there

  7. Richard Maurer on June 15, 2023 at 5:04 pm

    As a citizen carrying a firearm you must be at the ready at all times. Unlike a police officer that is being dispatched to an incident that is either happened or is about to, their reaction time is less physically stressful. Remember if an attacker comes up from behind and you reaching for your gun he’s going to try to stop you. If you carry appendix the possibility of your hand or his may fire around into your femoral artery. There’s a high probability you may die and the attacker will win. Do your best to break away from the attacker to give you time to pull your firearm and stop the event. Whether you carry one in the pipe or not it’s not really the issue, the issue is expediency and quick response knowing your environment and stay out of that type of bad situation. I carry both ways but I train regularly with devotion. I hope you do also!

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